Approximately 16% of Australia’s population complains about back pain. This condition has been a widespread issue nationwide, affecting numerous people.

Based on a study from 2020, lower back pain is the leading cause of job absence and disability worldwide. Your discomfort due to back pain may range from mild to unbearable distress. Chronic lower back problem is something that you cannot just ignore, as the pain can radiate to various parts of your body.

Getting a good glimpse of the causes of back pain is essential to finding the best treatment. Preventive actions can reduce the risk of severe health problems resulting from untreated back pains.

Let’s explore the ten causes of lower back pain, their signs and symptoms, and treatment techniques.  

Understanding Your Spine

Your spine is a vital part of your body. It includes muscles, discs, ligaments, and vertebrae responsible for motion. Your lower back or lumbar spine also facilitates movement and supports your upper body.

These parts of your spine are often susceptible to stressors and injuries, which may result in mild to chronic pain. As you age, spinal fluid decreases, making spinal discs more easily inflamed.

You also lose muscular tone, making your back more prone to injury. Hence, proper body mechanics and back muscle strengthening are essential for lower spine treatment.

What Causes Lower Back Pain? 

Suffering from back pain is such an inconvenience. You may have to stop what you’re doing due to the excruciating discomfort that you are feeling. You can have lower back pain due to various reasons. These may include: 

  1. Muscle Strain – Lower back muscles may strain from excessive exertion or improper lifting practices.
  2. Spinal Stenosis: Spinal stenosis causes the spinal canal to narrow, exerting pressure on the spinal nerves and cord. It is often associated with disc deterioration between the vertebrae.
  3. Herniated Disc: A slipped or ruptured disc is another name for a herniated disc. A spinal disc’s soft, gel-like centre can irritate and create discomfort when it pushes through its outer shell.
  4. Sciatica: The sciatic nerve goes down the legs from the lower back. Sciatica can arise when a herniated disc presses on the sciatic nerve. It can produce burning or pins and needles, causing discomfort in the legs or feet.
  5. Poor Posture: Habitual inappropriate sitting or standing postures can strain your lower back muscles, potentially leading to chronic and persistent pain.
  6. Degenerative Disc Disease: Your spinal discs degenerate over time, which means they may experience changes that can cause discomfort and decreased mobility.
  7. Osteoarthritis: Arthritis can develop due to wear and tear on your spine’s joints, leading to stiffness and pain.
  8. Scoliosis: This condition is a spinal deformity that can cause back pain if your spine slopes sideways when viewed from behind.
  9. Kidney Stones: Kidney stones can sometimes produce intense pain that radiates to the lower back.  
  10. Infections: Spinal infections, such as discitis and spinal epidural abscess, are serious medical disorders that can cause lower back discomfort and other symptoms.

Common Symptoms of Lower Back Pain

It’s important to understand that the symptoms of lower back pain can indicate several underlying illnesses, such as herniated discs, muscular strain, osteoarthritis, spinal stenosis, or more serious ones.

Your lower back pain signs and symptoms may vary but often include the following:    

  • Pain when sleeping or sitting for extended periods   
  • Aches and pains are emanating from the buttocks, hips, or legs.    
  • Stiffness following inactivity or upon waking up   
  • Tingling or numbness   
  • Difficulty moving large objects or leaning down

Being aware of such symptoms can prevent further back pain. You can assess yourself and consult the experts to diagnose your condition thoroughly. 

Taking prompt and proper action to treat your lower back pain is essential for your well-being. Once you find the right treatment, you never have to suffer from those persistent discomforts and sorenesses. 

How to Avoid Lower Back Pain? 

Preventing lower back pain involves adopting healthy habits and making lifestyle changes. Never let your lower back pain problems hamper your work or daily routines. 

You can avoid such an inconvenient situation through these simple but helpful tips: 

  1. Maintain Proper Posture – Pay close attention to your posture when standing, sitting, or lifting large objects. Maintaining proper posture can help you lower the risk of having back pain.
  2. Exercise Regularly – Regularly improve your spine support by strengthening your back and core muscles. You can also enhance your overall health condition through routine exercise.         
  3. Maintain a Healthy Weight – Aim for a healthy body weight since excess weight might put tension and strain your lower back.       
  4. Seek a Spine Expert – Consult a spine expert or healthcare professional immediately to treat persistent or severe lower back pain. 

If you notice alarming symptoms, such as loss of bowel control and leg weakness, take action as necessary.

Early diagnosis and therapy are crucial in reducing the risk of significant spine diseases and avoiding further complications.


Pain, stiffness, and restricted movement can significantly influence your daily living. Dealing with lower back pain can be challenging.  

Fortunately, you can lessen the likelihood of developing it by understanding its causes, recognising its common symptoms, and taking preventive measures. 

Maintaining proper posture, consistently exercising, and having a healthy lifestyle can result in a stronger, pain-free lower back and well-being.  

If you’re suffering from persistent or severe lower back pain, don’t be afraid to seek an experienced chiropractor back pain treatment

Contact us to book an appointment with our chiropractors in North Strathfield today!